Characteristics and types of cervical osteochondrosis

Unlike the other two types of osteochondrosis, such as lumbar or thoracic, cervical osteochondrosis has a number of special features. This is due to the fact that in this area the structure of the vertebrae is different, in that its structure is much smaller than the others. The neck should rotate freely, this is the easiest part to move, and besides, it most often experiences stress. Accordingly, a painful sensation arises in it.

neck pain with osteochondrosis

As a large number of nerve and vascular formations pass through the neck area, patients chased by headaches, spinal cord ischemia, or brain, may develop. At night, the fingers become numb, it is difficult to control the hands completely, a drop in temperature, bluishness and swelling may appear on the hands. This complicates the blood supply to the brain, as the vertebral arteries are pressed, and this causes symptoms such as impaired coordination, loss of vision and hearing, and frequent dizziness.

A small load is enough for the vertebrae to move. You can stretch your cervical muscles. The result is compression of blood vessels and nerve endings. Over time, osteophytes also form, which worsen the condition, and the disease is difficult to cure.

Pain can not only affect the neck, but also the limbs, most often on the arms. This is the result of compression of the spinal cord.

Osteochondrosis can be cured, but this requires systematic and perseverance. Often, when the first symptoms disappear, the patient interrupts treatment, while the disease will not be slow to return again, as it will only begin.

How to understand that the disease needs to be treated?

First of all, it should be noted that it is important to consult a specialist about the first symptoms of the disease, because of the efficiency factors that can cure the patient, and not get rid of the problem for a while. If the disease progresses, and it is no longer possible to call an early stage, then a cure is unlikely to be done. You don’t have to treat osteochondrosis on your own, only a doctor can choose the right treatment regimen, set the diagnosis accurately, and how far the disease has progressed.

Without qualified help, you can worsen the condition, even endanger your body, let alone cure it.

Such treatment is performed in a complex way, different methods are combined, the factors influencing how the disease progresses and progress are considered, only then can it be localized or cured.

Activity for osteochondrosis

  • anesthesia;
  • antispasmodic use;
  • tissue repair stimulants using ointments;
  • manual therapy;
  • massotherapy;
  • hirudotherapy;
  • physiotherapy;
  • surgical intervention.

Osteochondrosis of the cervical spine of the 2nd degree, this is a disease at the time of exacerbation, and it can be treated with painkillers with the use of anti-inflammatory drugs. And only when the acute stage passes, you can begin treatment using other methods, do not forget that diet is also important.

It is delusional to believe that the disease is more prevalent in middle -aged people and the elderly, that they are not afraid of the 2nd and 3rd degrees of the disease.

Increasingly, young people are suffering from osteochondrosis, so the disease is getting younger. And this is due to several factors:

  • posture violations;
  • trauma;
  • scoliosis;
  • impaired metabolism;
  • pressure;
  • large body weight;
  • lack of physical fitness.

Young people spend hours, or even days at the computer, and this leaves an impression, the percentage of healthy young people is declining. But it is not only the lack of physical activity that can affect the appearance of the disease, but also overwork, overload and inappropriate training regimens for athletes.

pain with cervical osteochondrosis

Polysegmental osteochondrosis

There are concepts such as polysegmental osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, and this concept is not clear to everyone. In fact, this is a manifestation of the disease not in one place, but in several instances at once, it is more difficult to cure. As you know, the spine is divided into several parts:

  • cervix;
  • dada;
  • lumbar;
  • sacred;
  • coccygeal.

Problems even in one place cause many problems and pain, and if the disease has affected more than one department, then it is quite difficult to diagnose the disease by symptoms. Too many painful manifestations, and all mixed up, making it difficult to diagnose. This can be done only by contacting a qualified specialist, and should not be delayed.

Cervical disease, for example, manifests itself as a severe headache, and pain in the lumbar region occurs with difficulty. For a long time, the thoracic area may not manifest itself in any way, although problems have arisen, but then suddenly turn into intercostal neuralgia, and this syndrome is of great concern to the patient.

Manifestations and symptoms

The general condition of the patient is not important, as the painful sensation can be felt almost all over the body. Tingling, headache, pain in the heart, damage to internal organs, especially if there is a chronic disease. Therefore, it is difficult to determine the cause of all diseases, the extent of the disease, while it is easy to make mistakes and choose the wrong direction in treatment. It is not enough to make an X-ray of one area of the spine to diagnose the extent and area affected. But do not be afraid, for experts, this problem can be solved, because it is not uncommon.

pain in cervical osteochondrosis


First of all, the pain syndrome is overcome with the help of painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs, and only then does recovery begin. This is a direct period of treatment, as it is not possible to cure osteochondrosis completely, it quickly turns into a chronic form.

Currently, many alternative treatments are offered, but they should be treated with caution, as manual therapy can only be performed if performed by a competent specialist. Physical therapy according to the Bubnovsky method, for example, has caused much controversy. And treatment with medical leeches can cause allergies.


Do not forget that it is easier to prevent a disease than to treat it for a long time and sometimes without success. Therefore, as a method of prevention, it is possible to recommend doing special exercises that develop neck flexibility. It is also great for strengthening and stretching these muscles to prevent the progression of the disease.